Modern Perceptions of Work Ethic and the Dynamics of Healthcare Human Resource Planning in Pakistan

Tehzeeb Mustafa, Lulin Lulin, Zinet Jamie Abdullahi, Numair Nisar


According to the World Health Organisation 55% of total healthcare cost in Pakistan is financed through Out of Pocket (OOP) while 26% of the population (largely public sector workers and military officers) have their healthcare cost partially funded by the state. In 2016, the gross total OOP expenditure incurred by households in Pakistan exceeded $3.9 million dollars. In the midst of escalating healthcare cost among the majority low-income households, expenses associated with sudden illness, are managed through adopting several coping strategies such as drawing on savings, borrowing and selling productive assets such as poultry, cattle and land. Despite the effort by many to survive the challenging healthcare environment in Pakistan, several researchers have documented patients face other hidden challenges as vast majority of modern medical personnel in view work as just a means to an end, serving as nothing other than an economic function (Furnham, 1990:148).  This is largely the perception of most Pakistanis when it comes to the work ethic of healthcare professionals. This review examines the modern perceptions of work ethic and the dynamics of healthcare human resource planning in Pakistan to meet the dire healthcare challenges facing its people.

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