Compliance with the CRPD in States with Multiple Internal Legal Systems: The Case of Ghana

Christine Nana Tiwaa Buamah


This paper examines Ghana’s compliance with the CRPD in the face of the state’s multiple internal legal systems. Most African countries have multiple internal legal systems unlike other countries of the north but are expected to translate human rights treaties as though their states had homogenous systems. The vast internal diversity often hinders African state’s full compliance with their international obligations as they are unable to bring the varied non-state actors to internalize the international norms. The international treaties do not bind the non-state actors but they largely control the internal systems. Taking a cue from administrative law, this paper explores a bottom-up approach by which non-state actors in multiple legal systems like those of Ghana could contribute to state compliance with the norms of the CRPD.

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