COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION/INVOLVEMENT IN HEALTH PROMOTION IN SIERRA LEONE: A CRITICAL REVIEW

Aminata Maldulnatu Kamara, Yuanwang Xu, Henry Asante Antwi

Abstract


Community Participation is an indispensable way of retrieving information on how to improve community health, but in Sierra Leone there are a lot of obstacles when it comes to enabling the communities in understanding the benefits and necessity of the forms of health promotion. The idea of community involvement in health programs and attention to health, in spite of not being a recent phenomenon, became popular and spread throughout the world after being considered by the World Health Organization (WHO) in the conference arranged in Alma Ata in September 2016, to be one of the most important principles of primary health care (PHC). Poverty is another issue that restricts people from participating in decisions that affect their health. For this reason having an understanding about the underlying issue/s within a given context may benefit programme planners in improving the prioritization and planning process while engaging with the community. This review explores the specific case of Sierra Leone. It evaluates the healthcare system in the country and the place of community health participation in the post war period.


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