Solid Waste Management: Evidence from Zhenjiang Municipality-China

Eric Owusu Asamoah, Wanzhen Xu, Weihong Huang, Wenming Yang, Daniel Anini Baah

Abstract


China-the second largest economy in the world has experienced both rapid economic development and large-scale urbanization. These situations have led to municipal solid waste (MSW) management issues. China increases its MSW by about 8%-10% per year yet, the per capita MSW produced pales in comparison with levels of developed countries. However, the core aims of MSW management are public health and environmental safety. Therefore, the study identified the waste hierarchy pyramid as a key to achieving sustainable MSW management in various municipalities across China with emphasis on the 3Rs [i.e. reduce, reuse and recycle], and incineration or energy recovery to reduce the total quantities of waste generated and/or landfilled. Additionally, there is a need for the capacities of existing MSW technologies to be improved in order to conform to standards while meeting local demands. The study concludes on source separation of waste as a cog to the successful management of MSW.

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