The Effect of Smart mobile devices usage on Sleep Quality and academic performance – A Narrative Review

Joseph Owusu-Marfo, Zhou Lulin, Henry Asante Antwi, Jonathan Kissi, Maxwell Opuni Antwi, Isaac Asare


More than two-thirds of United States high school students report lacking sleep on an average school night which is associated with a variety of health-risk behaviours. Insufficient or poor sleep quality has a substantial risk influence on academic performance. Good sleep quality is essential for recovery. Information used in this review paper was mainly obtained from scientific electronic academic journal databases. Studies have revealed that medical students who performed worse in their medical board exams mostly sleep poorly. Most of these students who performed worse in their exams seem to suffer stress as a result of poor sleep quality. University students, especially, medical students are most vulnerable to poor sleep quality. This review explores the major effects of sleep quality in relation to academic performance of students, especially, adolescents and young adults from primary to tertiary education levels as discussed by different authors. The extant literature seems to suggest that sleep quality affect academic performances or achievements but they failed to link the mediating roles that socio-economic factors could play in the relationship between sleep quality and academic performance. In view of this, this piece suggests a further new area that future researchers could explore: the effect or impact of sleep quality on academic performance or achievements and the mediating roles that socio-economic factors play in this regard. Sleep is an essential need of every human being especially, the young and the elderly. Therefore, special attention should be given to this area of research.

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