ORAL HEALTH STATUS AND TREATMENT NEEDS AMONG INDIVIDUALS WITH TYPE II DIABETES MELLITUS

Mridusmita Pathak, Swagat Mahanta

Abstract


Background

Diabetes has emerged as a major health problem in India. The association between diabetes mellitus and periodontitis has been reported in numerous studies. It is generally accepted that the inter-relationship between diabetes mellitus and periodontitis is a two-way relationship.

Aim

To assess the oral health status and treatment needs among type II diabetes mellitus patients.

Methods and Material

This present study is a cross sectional study to assess the oral health status and treatment needs among type 2 diabetic patients in Bangalore city. The total study participants were 385. A specially prepared and pre tested proforma designed for collecting all the required and relevant general information and clinical findings was used for recording the data.

Statistical analysis

Chi square test, ANOVA, and Tukey’s post hoc test.

Results:                                           

In the present study, most of the study participants,189 (49.09%) were in the age group of 45-59 year, most of them, 187(48.57. In CPI, maximum  mean  number of sextants, 1.68±0.8 were affected by  code 3(5mm pocket). In the association between HBA1C level and the mean number of sextants affected with CPI codes, the difference were found to be statistically significant for Code 0, code 2, code 3 and code X. In the association between duration of diabetes and the mean DMFT, when the duration of diabetes was more than 15 years, the DMFT was 3.96±2.95. the value was statistically significant.

Conclusions:

To conclude, in the present study, the oral health status of the type 2 diabetic patients were poor and the treatment needs were frequent.

 


Keywords


Diabetes mellitus, periodontitis, CPI, DMFT.

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