REINFORCING WORK-LIFE BALANCE IN STRATEGIC PUBLIC HEALTH INSTITUTIONS IN ETHIOPIA THROUGH TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP

Zinet Jamie Abdullahi, Zhiqiang Ma, Tehzeeb Mustafa, Elvis Adu

Abstract


The intimate linkage between work life balance and leadership has been firmly established in a number of studies which could potentially reinforce each other towards a rapid development of a country’s healthcare industry, especially in developing economies. We investigated whether professionals in selected Ethiopian hospitals were influenced in one way or the other by the kind of leadership and its resultant impact on work-life balance in response to further studies in the extant literature. Data for the research was procured through an online survey involving 900 clinical and non clinical staff recruited from selected hospitals in the different parts of Ethiopia. Our study has noted strong correlation between leadership and work-life balance among the staff. Specifically we noted that transformational leadership elements represented in the multifactor leadership scale such as idealized attributes, idealized behaviors, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation, individualized consideration demonstrated strong statistical correlation with work life balance. On the other hand, the positive correlations between the transactional leadership factors (contingent reward, management-by-exception) and laissez-faire were not significant. This suggests that in some way their influence on the work-life balance is minimal and this is consistent with evidence in current literature. We equally observed that the influence on work life balance were stronger among female  than male respondents while clinical staff demonstrated significantly higher work-life balance than non-clinical staff in the presence of the transformational leadership


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