Desarrollo de Indicadores de Sostenibilidad para la Maricultura del Ecuador

Julio Lopez Alvarado

Resumen


Aquaculture in Ecuador has had an important development, mainly related to shrimp and tilapia culture.
These species have been traditionally produced in ponds built on land. The cultivation of aquatic species on land has a
large social, economic, and environmental impact, since this activity occupies large extensions of land, usually on
ecologically sensible areas. An alternative to increase aquatic production without increasing the use of land and
causing a low environmental impact could be the production of fish and shrimp in offshore cages, adapting
technologies already used with success in other places. The present paper analyses the situation of mariculture (the
cultivation of fish and other aquatic animals in open sea) in Ecuador, as well as the development of sustainability
indicators that will serve for the sustainable development of this sector in the country.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19239/riidv1n1p20

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