ORAL HEALTH CARE DELIVERY THROUGH PRIMARY HEALTH CENTERS AT BANGALORE URBAN DISTRICT, INDIA- A SITUATION ANALYSIS

Mridusmita Pathak

Abstract


Background

Utilization of health service is a concept of expressing the extent of interaction between the service provider and the people for whom it is indented. There has been a lot of interest in understanding oral health care utilization behaviour as it is important for the delivery of effective oral health care.

Aim

Aim of the present study was to assess the utilization of dental health care services among the urban and rural districts in the primary health centres in Bangalore.

Methods and Material

A structured interview format was used to assess the current situation. All the primary health centres of the Bangalore district were included.

Statistical analysis used

Descriptive analysis.

Results

It was found that 97.6% Primary health centres receive patients with oral and maxillofacial complaints and only 21.6% primary health centres had a separate dental unit with dental officer. Toothache, bleeding gums and abscess were the most common problems. 48.8% of the patients were reported to be dispensed with initial emergency care followed by a referral to government hospitals only (39%). Non-availability/inaccessibility and lack of awareness among patients about importance of oral health were the most common factor for not visiting to the referred hospitals for treatment.

Conclusions

The utilization and provision of the dental services of the population was poor in the primary health centres of Bangalore urban district.


Keywords


primary health centres, oral health, medical/dental officers

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